A wolf spider, or the ‘hunting spider,’ is known to be one of the most vicious predators and one of the most dangerous spider types. Its bites are considered extremely painful but not dangerous. Such kinds of spiders are mainly seen in Arizona and Australia in the bushes and wild. However, during winter, they seek human homes for warmth and shelter.
They won’t purposefully bite a human unless they feel threatened by them. But what if one bites you? What are the symptoms and remedies? In this article, we will have in-depth information regarding wolf spiders and also ways to prevent a bite.
How to Identify a Wolf Spider
Wolf spiders are similar to tarantulas because of their large hairy body, but wolf spiders are lighter brown than a tarantula. Also, wolf spiders have patterns on their bodies. The wolf spiders have eight small eyes that are placed on top of their head that shine brightly in the light, and their bodies are usually ½ to 2 inches tall.
What Does a Wolf Spider Bite Look Like?
Wolf spiders are generally human-friendly, but if they somehow bite you or your loved ones, then how would you identify it? The easiest identification method is recognizing the spider itself. The appearance of a larger wolf spider bite on human skin is tearing of the skin with fang marks. However, if the bite is from a smaller wolf spider, then the skin may look slightly reddish, and the affected area may get slightly swollen.
What Are the Symptoms?
Even though wolf spider bites are not fatal for humans, they are venomous and excruciating at some points, which is why they require medical attention. The symptoms of wolf spider bites are pain, swelling of the affected area’s lymph glands, and darker skin color. The pain can last up to 10 days if the bite is left untreated. In extremely rare cases, skin tissue damage can occur in the affected area. In addition, some people might also get infections and several other complications such as dizziness and nausea.
What Are the Treatment Options?
Wolf spider bites should not be left untreated. Although you won’t die, other diseases can result. There are some primary treatments that you can do at home to stop the venom from spreading without any medical help.
Home Remedies to Treat a Wolf Spider Bite
The first thing you should do, as you would do with any insect bite, is to clean the area with water without applying any type of soap. To prevent bacterial infection on the skin, apply some antibiotic ointment to that area. If you don’t have antibiotic cream at home, make a baking soda paste and lavender oil. Baking soda will relieve the symptoms of spider bite, whereas lavender oil will soothe the pain.
If you are experiencing a burning or painful sensation, then wrap some ice cubes in a towel and press gently over the bite. It will not only relieve the pain and burning but will also act as a therapy. Another skin-soothing ingredient directly from nature is aloe vera. Applying direct aloe vera on insect-bitten skin is always preferable to the store-bought ones, as they contain preservatives.
When to Seek Medical Help
If you don’t find relief from home remedies and develop other symptoms from the bite, such as extreme pain and blackening of the skin, nausea, fever, and dizziness, then you should seek medical help. Before taking any medications, you should consult a doctor so that they can check your history and suggest an appropriate medicine to recover.
Methods of Prevention
Wise men say, ‘Prevention is better than cure.’ So, if you don’t want to go through the hassle of a wolf spider bite, then you must maintain some safety. Especially if you have children in the house, keep your child safe from the bite of such a venomous insect. Some of the precaution methods are listed below:
Keep the Exterior Clear of Vegetation
Wolf spiders love to live on vegetation as it is both home and food to them. Vegetation is inviting for many insects, including wolf spiders; therefore, you will start noticing webs in high vegetation areas of your home. To avoid this, you should keep your yard clean of vegetation, not only to maintain hygiene but also to keep away wolf spiders and other bugs.
Seal Cracks in the Property’s Foundation
Wolf spiders have very flexible bodies and can get inside a house even with the smallest of cracks. Therefore, you need to seal the cracks in your house to prevent wolf spiders from entering your premises.
Keep Exterior Lighting to a Minimum
Spiders themselves are not attracted to lights, but the insects they feed on are. When you light the exterior of your house with fluorescent lights, its warmth attracts many bugs. You need to keep the lighting to a minimum so that bugs and other pesky insects are not attracted to it, and their predators, like wolf spiders, do not come as well.
Keep the Interior Free of Unnecessary Debris
Many animals may not like dirt and debris, but insects love them. Insects like wolf spiders may even lay eggs in the dirt that is almost invisible to the human eye as they are extremely small in size.
Remove Food Crumbs
Leaving food crumbs on the floor means you are intentionally inviting spiders to help themselves. Always make sure that crumbs are swept up.
Now that you know how you can identify and treat a wolf spider bite, it does not mean you don’t require prevention. If you want to keep yourself and your family safe from these painful bites, then follow safety measures, especially if you live in Arizona and Australia.
Click here to read our past blog, How To Avoid House Centipedes from Infesting Your Home